ftp.cc.uoc.gr
rfc4114
This is a purely informative rendering of an RFC that includes verified errata. This rendering may not be used as a reference.

The following 'Verified' errata have been incorporated in this document: EID 186
Network Working Group                                      S. Hollenbeck
Request for Comments: 4114                                VeriSign, Inc.
Category: Standards Track                                      June 2005


  E.164 Number Mapping for the Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)

Status of This Memo

   This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the
   Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for
   improvements.  Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet
   Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state
   and status of this protocol.  Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2005).

Abstract

   This document describes an Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)
   extension mapping for the provisioning and management of E.164
   numbers that represent domain names stored in a shared central
   repository.  Specified in XML, this mapping extends the EPP domain
   name mapping to provide additional features required for the
   provisioning of E.164 numbers.

Table of Contents

   1. Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  2
      1.1. Conventions Used in This Document  . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
   2. Object Attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
      2.1. E.164 Domain Names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
      2.2. NAPTR Fields . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
           2.2.1. Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
           2.2.2. Preference. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
           2.2.3. Flags . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
           2.2.4. Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
           2.2.5. Regular Expression. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
           2.2.6. Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
   3. EPP Command Mapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
      3.1. EPP Query Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  5
           3.1.1. EPP <check> Command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  5
           3.1.2. EPP <info> Command. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  5
           3.1.3. EPP <transfer> Command. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  7
      3.2. EPP Transform Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  7
           3.2.1. EPP <create> Command. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  7
           3.2.2. EPP <delete> Command. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  9
           3.2.3. EPP <renew> Command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  9
           3.2.4. EPP <transfer> Command. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  9
           3.2.5. EPP <update> Command. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  9
   4. Formal Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
   5. Internationalization Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
   6. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
   7. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
   8. Acknowledgements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
   9. References. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
      9.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
      9.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

1.  Introduction

   This document describes an E.164 number mapping for version 1.0 of
   the Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP).  This mapping, an
   extension of the domain name mapping described in [1], is specified
   using the Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0, as described in [2],
   and XML Schema notation, as described in [3] and [4].

   The EPP core protocol specification [5] provides a complete
   description of EPP command and response structures.  A thorough
   understanding of the base protocol specification is necessary to
   understand the mapping described in this document.

   ENUM [6] describes how the Domain Name System (DNS) can be used to
   identify services associated with an E.164 number.  The EPP mapping
   described in this document specifies a mechanism for the provisioning
   and management of E.164 numbers stored in a shared central
   repository.  Information exchanged via this mapping can be extracted
   from the repository and used to publish DNS resource records as
   described in ENUM [6].  Examples used in this document were chosen
   specifically to illustrate provisioning concepts for the example
   resource records described in the ENUM specification.

1.1.  Conventions Used in This Document

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [7].

   In examples, "C:" represents lines sent by a protocol client, and
   "S:" represents lines returned by a protocol server.  Indentation and
   white space in examples are only provided to illustrate element
   relationships and are not a REQUIRED feature of this specification.

   XML is case sensitive.  Unless stated otherwise, XML specifications
   and examples provided in this document MUST be interpreted in the
   character case presented to develop a conforming implementation.

2.  Object Attributes

   This extension adds elements to the EPP domain name mapping [1].
   Only new element descriptions are described here.

2.1.  E.164 Domain Names

   An E.164 domain name is a representation of an E.164 number that has
   been translated to conform to domain name syntax, as described in the
   ENUM specification [6].  The labels used to describe the name space
   of an E.164 domain name are a policy matter that is beyond the scope
   of this document.

2.2.  NAPTR Fields

   According to ENUM [6], Naming Authority Pointer (NAPTR) resource
   records are used to identify available ways for contacting a specific
   node identified by a domain name created from the translation of an
   E.164 number.  The basic NAPTR record format is described in RFC 3403
   [8].  Rules for structuring and using NAPTR records for use with ENUM
   are described in RFC 3761 [6].

   Several NAPTR field values are optional per RFC 3403.  RFC 3761
   describes processing rules that require the presence of certain NAPTR
   field values.  This document describes field value requirements that
   correspond to RFC 3761.

2.2.1.  Order

   The NAPTR order field, a 16-bit unsigned integer, is represented in
   this mapping using the XML Schema "unsignedShort" data type.

2.2.2.  Preference

   The NAPTR preference field, a 16-bit unsigned integer, is represented
   in this mapping using the XML Schema "unsignedShort" data type.

2.2.3.  Flags

   The NAPTR flags field is represented in this mapping using a single
   character.  The case of the flag character is not significant.

2.2.4.  Service

   The NAPTR service field is represented in this mapping using a
   character string with an unspecified maximum length.  Valid values
   are application-dependent.

2.2.5.  Regular Expression

   The NAPTR regexp field is represented in this mapping using a
   character string with an unspecified maximum length.  This field can
   contain numerous backslashes and should thus be treated with care.

2.2.6.  Replacement

   The NAPTR replacement field, whose value is a domain name, is
   represented in this mapping using a character string with a maximum
   length of 255 characters.

3.  EPP Command Mapping

   A detailed description of the EPP syntax and semantics can be found
   in the EPP core protocol specification [5].  The command mappings
   described here are specifically for use in implementing ENUM
   provisioning processes via EPP.

3.1.  EPP Query Commands

   EPP provides three commands to retrieve object information: <check>
   to determine if an object is known to the server, <info> to retrieve
   detailed information associated with an object, and <transfer> to
   retrieve object transfer status information.

3.1.1.  EPP <check> Command

   This extension does not add any elements to the EPP <check> command
   or <check> response described in the EPP domain mapping [1].

3.1.2.  EPP <info> Command

EID 186 (Verified) is as follows:

Section: 3.1.2

Original Text:

   Example <info> response:

   [...]
   S:    <domain:name>3.8.0.0.6.9.2.3.6.1.4.4.e164.arpa</domain:name>
   S:    <domain:roid>EXAMPLE1-REP</domain:roid>
   S:    <domain:status s="ok"/>
   S:    <domain:registrant>jd1234</domain:registrant>
   S:    <domain:contact type="admin">sh8013</domain:contact>
   S:    <domain:contact type="tech">sh8013</domain:contact>
   S:    <domain:ns>
   S:     <domain:hostObj>ns1.example.com</domain:hostObj>
   S:     <domain:hostObj>ns2.example.com</domain:hostObj>
   S:    </domain:ns>
   S:    <domain:host>ns1.example.com</domain:host>
   S:    <domain:host>ns2.example.com</domain:host>
   S:    <domain:clID>ClientX</domain:clID>
   S:    <domain:crID>ClientY</domain:crID>
   [...]

Corrected Text:

   Example <info> response:

   [...]
   S:    <domain:name>3.8.0.0.6.9.2.3.6.1.4.4.e164.arpa</domain:name>
   S:    <domain:roid>EXAMPLE1-REP</domain:roid>
   S:    <domain:status s="ok"/>
   S:    <domain:registrant>jd1234</domain:registrant>
   S:    <domain:contact type="admin">sh8013</domain:contact>
   S:    <domain:contact type="tech">sh8013</domain:contact>
   S:    <domain:ns>
   S:     <domain:hostObj>ns1.example.com</domain:hostObj>
   S:     <domain:hostObj>ns2.example.com</domain:hostObj>
   S:    </domain:ns>
   S:    <domain:clID>ClientX</domain:clID>
   S:    <domain:crID>ClientY</domain:crID>
   [...]
Notes:

There is the <domain:host> that should list the "fully qualified names
of the subordinate host objects that exist under this superordinate domain object."
As the <domain:name> is not "example.com:, those <domain:host> elements should be
removed.
This extension does not add any elements to the EPP <info> command described in the EPP domain mapping [1]. Additional elements are defined for the <info> response. When an <info> command has been processed successfully, the EPP <resData> element MUST contain child elements as described in the EPP domain mapping [1]. In addition, the EPP <extension> element MUST contain a child <e164:infData> element that identifies the extension namespace and the location of the extension schema. The <e164: infData> element contains one or more <e164:naptr> elements that contain the following child elements: - An <e164:order> element that contains a NAPTR order value. - An <e164:pref> element that contains a NAPTR preference value. - An OPTIONAL <e164:flags> element that contains a NAPTR flags value. - An <e164:svc> element that contains a NAPTR service value. - An OPTIONAL <e164:regex> element that contains a NAPTR regular expression value. - An OPTIONAL <e164:replacement> element that contains a NAPTR replacement value. Example <info> response: S:<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?> S:<epp xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0" S: xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" S: xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0 S: epp-1.0.xsd"> S: <response> S: <result code="1000"> S: <msg>Command completed successfully</msg> S: </result> S: <resData> S: <domain:infData S: xmlns:domain="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0" S: xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0 S: domain-1.0.xsd"> S: <domain:name>3.8.0.0.6.9.2.3.6.1.4.4.e164.arpa</domain:name> S: <domain:roid>EXAMPLE1-REP</domain:roid> S: <domain:status s="ok"/> S: <domain:registrant>jd1234</domain:registrant> S: <domain:contact type="admin">sh8013</domain:contact> S: <domain:contact type="tech">sh8013</domain:contact> S: <domain:ns> S: <domain:hostObj>ns1.example.com</domain:hostObj> S: <domain:hostObj>ns2.example.com</domain:hostObj> S: </domain:ns> S: <domain:host>ns1.example.com</domain:host> S: <domain:host>ns2.example.com</domain:host> S: <domain:clID>ClientX</domain:clID> S: <domain:crID>ClientY</domain:crID> S: <domain:crDate>1999-04-03T22:00:00.0Z</domain:crDate> S: <domain:upID>ClientX</domain:upID> S: <domain:upDate>1999-12-03T09:00:00.0Z</domain:upDate> S: <domain:exDate>2005-04-03T22:00:00.0Z</domain:exDate> S: <domain:trDate>2000-04-08T09:00:00.0Z</domain:trDate> S: <domain:authInfo> S: <domain:pw>2fooBAR</domain:pw> S: </domain:authInfo> S: </domain:infData> S: </resData> S: <extension> S: <e164:infData xmlns:e164="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:e164epp-1.0" S: xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:e164epp-1.0 S: e164epp-1.0.xsd"> S: <e164:naptr> S: <e164:order>10</e164:order> S: <e164:pref>100</e164:pref> S: <e164:flags>u</e164:flags> S: <e164:svc>E2U+sip</e164:svc> S: <e164:regex>"!^.*$!sip:info@example.com!"</e164:regex> S: </e164:naptr> S: <e164:naptr> S: <e164:order>10</e164:order> S: <e164:pref>102</e164:pref> S: <e164:flags>u</e164:flags> S: <e164:svc>E2U+msg</e164:svc> S: <e164:regex>"!^.*$!mailto:info@example.com!"</e164:regex> S: </e164:naptr> S: </e164:infData> S: </extension> S: <trID> S: <clTRID>ABC-12345</clTRID> S: <svTRID>54322-XYZ</svTRID> S: </trID> S: </response> S:</epp> An EPP error response MUST be returned if an extended <info> command can not be processed for any reason. 3.1.3. EPP <transfer> Command This extension does not add any elements to the EPP <transfer> command or <transfer> response described in the EPP domain mapping [1]. 3.2. EPP Transform Commands EPP provides five commands to transform objects: <create> to create an instance of an object, <delete> to delete an instance of an object, <renew> to extend the validity period of an object, <transfer> to manage object sponsorship changes, and <update> to change information associated with an object. 3.2.1. EPP <create> Command This extension defines additional elements for the EPP <create> command described in the EPP domain mapping [1]. No additional elements are defined for the EPP <create> response. The EPP <create> command provides a transform operation that allows a client to create a domain object. In addition to the EPP command elements described in the EPP domain mapping [1], the command MUST contain an <extension> element. The <extension> element MUST contain a child <e164:create> element that identifies the extension namespace and the location of the extension schema. The <e164:create> element contains one or more <e164:naptr> elements that contain the following child elements: - An <e164:order> element that contains a NAPTR order value. - An <e164:pref> element that contains a NAPTR preference value. - An OPTIONAL <e164:flags> element that contains a NAPTR flags value. - An <e164:svc> element that contains a NAPTR service value. - An OPTIONAL <e164:regex> element that contains a NAPTR regular expression value. - An OPTIONAL <e164:replacement> element that contains a NAPTR replacement value. Example <create> command: C:<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?> C:<epp xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0" C: xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" C: xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0 C: epp-1.0.xsd"> C: <command> C: <create> C: <domain:create C: xmlns:domain="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0" C: xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0 C: domain-1.0.xsd"> C: <domain:name>3.8.0.0.6.9.2.3.6.1.4.4.e164.arpa</domain:name> C: <domain:period unit="y">2</domain:period> C: <domain:ns> C: <domain:hostObj>ns1.example.com</domain:hostObj> C: <domain:hostObj>ns2.example.com</domain:hostObj> C: </domain:ns> C: <domain:registrant>jd1234</domain:registrant> C: <domain:contact type="admin">sh8013</domain:contact> C: <domain:contact type="tech">sh8013</domain:contact> C: <domain:authInfo> C: <domain:pw>2fooBAR</domain:pw> C: </domain:authInfo> C: </domain:create> C: </create> C: <extension> C: <e164:create C: xmlns:e164="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:e164epp-1.0" C: xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:e164epp-1.0 C: e164epp-1.0.xsd"> C: <e164:naptr> C: <e164:order>10</e164:order> C: <e164:pref>100</e164:pref> C: <e164:flags>u</e164:flags> C: <e164:svc>E2U+sip</e164:svc> C: <e164:regex>"!^.*$!sip:info@example.com!"</e164:regex> C: </e164:naptr> C: <e164:naptr> C: <e164:order>10</e164:order> C: <e164:pref>102</e164:pref> C: <e164:flags>u</e164:flags> C: <e164:svc>E2U+msg</e164:svc> C: <e164:regex>"!^.*$!mailto:info@example.com!"</e164:regex> C: </e164:naptr> C: </e164:create> C: </extension> C: <clTRID>ABC-12345</clTRID> C: </command> C:</epp> When an extended <create> command has been processed successfully, the EPP response is as described in the EPP domain mapping [1]. 3.2.2. EPP <delete> Command This extension does not add any elements to the EPP <delete> command or <delete> response described in the EPP domain mapping [1]. 3.2.3. EPP <renew> Command This extension does not add any elements to the EPP <renew> command or <renew> response described in the EPP domain mapping [1]. 3.2.4. EPP <transfer> Command This extension does not add any elements to the EPP <transfer> command or <transfer> response described in the EPP domain mapping [1]. 3.2.5. EPP <update> Command This extension defines additional elements for the EPP <update> command described in the EPP domain mapping [1]. No additional elements are defined for the EPP <update> response. The EPP <update> command provides a transform operation that allows a client to change the state of a domain object. In addition to the EPP command elements described in the EPP domain mapping [1], the <update> command MUST contain an <extension> element. The <extension> element MUST contain a child <e164:update> element that identifies the extension namespace and the location of the extension schema. The <e164:update> element contains one or more <e164:add> or <e164:rem> elements. Each <e164:add> and <e164:rem> element contains an <e164:naptr> element that contains the following child elements: - An <e164:order> element that contains a NAPTR order value. - An <e164:pref> element that contains a NAPTR preference value. - An OPTIONAL <e164:flags> element that contains a NAPTR flags value. - An <e164:svc> element that contains a NAPTR service value. - An OPTIONAL <e164:regex> element that contains a NAPTR regular expression value. - An OPTIONAL <e164:replacement> element that contains a NAPTR replacement value. Example <update> command: C:<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?> C:<epp xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0" C: xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" C: xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0 C: epp-1.0.xsd"> C: <command> C: <update> C: <domain:update C: xmlns:domain="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0" C: xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0 C: domain-1.0.xsd"> C: <domain:name>3.8.0.0.6.9.2.3.6.1.4.4.e164.arpa</domain:name> C: </domain:update> C: </update> C: <extension> C: <e164:update xmlns:e164="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:e164epp-1.0" C: xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:e164epp-1.0 C: e164epp-1.0.xsd"> C: <e164:rem> C: <e164:naptr> C: <e164:order>10</e164:order> C: <e164:pref>102</e164:pref> C: <e164:flags>u</e164:flags> C: <e164:svc>E2U+msg</e164:svc> C: <e164:regex>"!^.*$!mailto:info@example.com!"</e164:regex> C: </e164:naptr> C: </e164:rem> C: </e164:update> C: </extension> C: <clTRID>ABC-12345</clTRID> C: </command> C:</epp> When an extended <update> command has been processed successfully, the EPP response is as described in the EPP domain mapping [1]. 4. Formal Syntax An EPP object mapping is specified in XML Schema notation. The formal syntax presented here is a complete schema representation of the object mapping suitable for automated validation of EPP XML instances. The BEGIN and END tags are not part of the schema; they are used to note the beginning and ending of the schema for URI registration purposes. BEGIN <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <schema targetNamespace="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:e164epp-1.0" xmlns:e164="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:e164epp-1.0" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" elementFormDefault="qualified"> <annotation> <documentation> Extensible Provisioning Protocol v1.0 domain name extension schema for E.164 number provisioning. </documentation> </annotation> <!-- Child elements found in EPP commands. --> <element name="create" type="e164:createType"/> <element name="update" type="e164:updateType"/> <!-- Global elements. --> <element name="naptr" type="e164:naptrType"/> <!-- Child elements of the <create> command. --> <complexType name="createType"> <sequence> <element ref="e164:naptr" maxOccurs="unbounded"/> </sequence> </complexType> <complexType name="naptrType"> <sequence> <element name="order" type="unsignedShort"/> <element name="pref" type="unsignedShort"/> <element name="flags" type="e164:flagsType" minOccurs="0"/> <element name="svc" type="e164:svcType"/> <element name="regex" type="e164:regexType" minOccurs="0"/> <element name="repl" type="e164:replType" minOccurs="0"/> </sequence> </complexType> <simpleType name="flagsType"> <restriction base="token"> <pattern value="[A-Z]|[a-z]|[0-9]"/> <length value="1"/> </restriction> </simpleType> <simpleType name="svcType"> <restriction base="token"> <minLength value="1"/> </restriction> </simpleType> <simpleType name="regexType"> <restriction base="token"> <minLength value="1"/> </restriction> </simpleType> <simpleType name="replType"> <restriction base="token"> <minLength value="1"/> <maxLength value="255"/> </restriction> </simpleType> <!-- Child elements of the <update> command. --> <complexType name="updateType"> <sequence> <element name="add" type="e164:addRemType" minOccurs="0"/> <element name="rem" type="e164:addRemType" minOccurs="0"/> </sequence> </complexType> <!-- Data elements that can be added or removed. --> <complexType name="addRemType"> <sequence> <element ref="e164:naptr" maxOccurs="unbounded"/> </sequence> </complexType> <!-- Child response elements. --> <element name="infData" type="e164:infDataType"/> <!-- <info> response elements. --> <complexType name="infDataType"> <sequence> <element ref="e164:naptr" maxOccurs="unbounded"/> </sequence> </complexType> <!-- End of schema. --> </schema> END 5. Internationalization Considerations EPP is represented in XML, which provides native support for encoding information using the Unicode character set and its more compact representations, including UTF-8 [10]. Conformant XML processors recognize both UTF-8 and UTF-16 [11]. Though XML includes provisions to identify and use other character encodings through use of an "encoding" attribute in an <?xml?> declaration, use of UTF-8 is RECOMMENDED in environments where parser encoding support incompatibility exists. As an extension of the EPP domain mapping [1], the elements, element content, attributes, and attribute values described in this document MUST inherit the internationalization conventions used to represent higher-layer domain and core protocol structures present in an XML instance that includes this extension. 6. IANA Considerations This document uses URNs to describe XML namespaces and XML schemas conforming to a registry mechanism described in RFC 3688 [9]. Two URI assignments have been completed by the IANA: Registration for the extension namespace: URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:e164epp-1.0 Registrant Contact: IESG XML: None. Namespace URIs do not represent an XML specification. Registration for the extension XML schema: URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:schema:e164epp-1.0 Registrant Contact: IESG XML: See the "Formal Syntax" section of this document. 7. Security Considerations The mapping extensions described in this document do not provide any security services beyond those described by EPP [5], the EPP domain name mapping [1], and protocol layers used by EPP. Security considerations related to ENUM are described in the "Security Considerations" section of the ENUM specification [6]; security considerations related to the Dynamic Delegation Discovery System and NAPTR records are described in the "Security Considerations" section of RFC 3403 [8]. The security considerations described in these specifications apply to this specification as well. As with other domain object transforms, the EPP transform operations described in this document MUST be restricted to the sponsoring client as authenticated using the mechanisms described in sections 2.9.1.1 and 7 of RFC 3730 [5]. Any attempt to perform a transform operation on a domain object by any client other than the sponsoring client MUST be rejected with an appropriate EPP authorization error. 8. Acknowledgements The author would like to thank the following people who have provided significant contributions to the development of this document: Lawrence Conroy, Edward Lewis, Michael Mealling, Allison Mankin, Chip Sharp, and James Yu. 9. References 9.1. Normative References [1] Hollenbeck, S., "Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP) Domain Name Mapping", RFC 3731, March 2004. [2] Paoli, J., Sperberg-McQueen, C., Bray, T., and E. Maler, "Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Second Edition)", W3C FirstEdition REC-xml-20001006, October 2000. [3] Maloney, M., Beech, D., Mendelsohn, N., and H. Thompson, "XML Schema Part 1: Structures", W3C REC REC-xmlschema-1-20010502, May 2001. [4] Malhotra, A. and P. Biron, "XML Schema Part 2: Datatypes", W3C REC REC-xmlschema-2-20010502, May 2001. [5] Hollenbeck, S., "Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)", RFC 3730, March 2004. [6] Faltstrom, P. and M. Mealling, "The E.164 to Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI) Dynamic Delegation Discovery System (DDDS) Application (ENUM)", RFC 3761, April 2004. [7] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997. [8] Mealling, M., "Dynamic Delegation Discovery System (DDDS) Part Three: The Domain Name System (DNS) Database", RFC 3403, October 2002. [9] Mealling, M., "The IETF XML Registry", BCP 81, RFC 3688, January 2004. 9.2. Informative References [10] Yergeau, F., "UTF-8, a transformation format of ISO 10646", STD 63, RFC 3629, November 2003. [11] Hoffman, P. and F. Yergeau, "UTF-16, an encoding of ISO 10646", RFC 2781, February 2000. Author's Address Scott Hollenbeck VeriSign, Inc. 21345 Ridgetop Circle Dulles, VA 20166-6503 US EMail: shollenbeck@verisign.com Full Copyright Statement Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2005). This document is subject to the rights, licenses and restrictions contained in BCP 78, and except as set forth therein, the authors retain all their rights. This document and the information contained herein are provided on an "AS IS" basis and THE CONTRIBUTOR, THE ORGANIZATION HE/SHE REPRESENTS OR IS SPONSORED BY (IF ANY), THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. 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